I was having this idea for this thread for quite some time. I wanted to create this since LTL is quite a bit different than OTR. I see a lot of different questions like "so what is this? and what is that? what does this mean? and what is there difference between this and that???" .
If you are not familiar with LTL, this may help with our terminology. Some of my LTL comrades are prolly going "Duh.. no crap" which is fine since this thread is not meant for you guys. But nonetheless, I decided to put it in pictures for everyone else.
NOTE 1. Yes, I took much of it from Google, IF anything posted here holds a copyright, I apologize to TTR for any infringement.
NOTE 2. If anyone has more to add, please do so! Let's keep this interactive! I will get to go first since it was my idea.
Twin-screw tractor - A tractor with two axles (in the back). Usually used for line drivers that cover 300-600+ miles per trip.
Advantage: Good traction in the snow. You are allowed 34,000 lbs vs the 20,000 lbs for a single axle.
Single-axle tractor - Aka city truck. Title implies that this truck only has one axle in the back. Favourite for pick-up and delivery drivers! Advantages: Much better turning radius which allows easier maneuverability in tight city traffic patterns. One less axle (and also four less tyres) you have to pretrip.
Downsides: Less allowable weight 20,000 lbs vs the 34,000 lbs for a twin screw. DOT magnet... Yup! If you happen to pass a scale on your route, you may end up having to undergo a DOT inspection for the same reasons you enjoy the advantages
Liftgate trailer - Has a lift at the end that goes up and down. Works awesome for moving heavy items up and down for customers that don't have a dock. Be sure to bring an electrical cord to plug into your truck to ensure your liftgate is properly charged... otherwise you will find yourself having the lift being stuck in the "down" position.
Pallet Jack - device that uses the hydraulic mechanical advantage to move heavy pallets. If you never seen one you probably live under a rock... Go check out Walmart at night when they shuttle their pallets around their store to restock all your favourite fatty goodness snacks. You will see 'em.
Pallet Jack chock - Secures the pallet jack from sliding around your trailer and causing a lot of damage. What more can I say...
Forklift tine extension - Used to move the more awkward pieces of freight.
Stinger (carpet roll attachment)- Used to move large rolls of carpet. I also got really good at taking out freight with it inside the terminal while trying to make turns with it.
Hand truck - Not gonna get into the explanation for this one. If you never seen one, you ARE in the wrong career field.
Converter Dolly - Hooks to the back of a trailer and connects another trailer to the back. AKA... a fifth wheel mounted to an axle that has a relay for your air supply (air lines to go to the second or third trailer). There are models that have tandems.. but this is the only one I found.
Rocky Mountain Doubles - 48 foot trailer in the front, 28 foot trailer in the back. Legal in some states (but not most). And YES, they do come in a reverse order!!!! You CAN put the 28 footer in the FRONT if it is heavier. I call it a "Reverse Rocky Mountain Set. Please do not argue this!!!
LTL in Pictures
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Yard Goat/ Yard Donkey/ Trailer Hostler - A piece of machinery that lets you move trailers/converter dollies around your terminal with great ease. Front of the vehicle has a pintle hook attachment that lets you pick-up and drop off converter dollies. The rear of the vehicle has a hydraulic fifth-wheel (that goes up and down) that you can control from the cab. It alleviates someone having to crank the gear up or down. Also the rear of the cab has a back door that you can climb out to hook up your air lines. Final nice feature is the button inside the cab that releases the fifth-wheel from the king-pin. With the exception of having to remove a wheel chock, you can move a trailer to and from location without ever setting a foot on the ground. Most of these are governed out at 10 MPH or slower.
Turnpike Doubles - two 48 ft trailers. Legal in less states than the Rocky Set.
Triple Trailers (AKA Road Train) - Three trailers usually 28-29 feet in length. They turn surprisingly well. Not legal in many states. Some states restrict you to pulling them IF you had X amount of years of experience pulling double trailers.
Pup (short box) - Trailer that is usually between 28 and 29 feet in length.
LCV... AKA Long Combination Vehicles - Here is a chart for anything I missed.
PS: I am a linedriver. If any of you P&D guys spotted something I missed, post it on here!!! Thx for reading!Last edited: Sep 2, 2013
Ill add a few things myself
That is a carpet attachment, used to see quite a bit of them when I was doing P/D.
For the liftgate trailer its best just to leave the truck running to power the lift-gate. I used to shut it off and had the battery die on me one day...
Not sure how you guys operate but we ony use the twin screws normally for heavy vans, we do pull sets with them but our trailers arent set up for it so we have to slide the fifth wheel back and by doing that we get no weight on that front axel. The twin screws are however better in the snow like you put
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